Modernism in litirature

Содержание

Слайд 2

Literary Modernism is a subset of a larger artistic movement called Modernism

Literary Modernism is a subset of a larger artistic movement called Modernism
that embraces painting and music
In the literary realm, it's basically responsible for some seriously weird literature produced roughly between the end of World War I and the beginning of World War II.

Слайд 3

Modernism

a term typically associated with the twentieth-century reaction against realism and romanticism

Modernism a term typically associated with the twentieth-century reaction against realism and
within the arts. It is a cultural movement which rebelled against Victorian morals
More generally, it is often used to refer to a twentieth-century belief in the virtues of science, technology and the planned management of social change.

Слайд 4

Why????

a response to a lot of the destruction and disruption caused by

Why???? a response to a lot of the destruction and disruption caused
World War I (technology that was better than the warfare style it was designed for, trench warfare and poison gas)
the city transforms
It provoked a lot of artists, writers, and also painters and musicians, to really think that they need a new art to make sense of this new world

Слайд 5

WWI: Trench War Fare and Poison Gas

WWI: Trench War Fare and Poison Gas

Слайд 6

What???

Doesn’t usually make sense
nonlinearity of plot or sequence of things –

What??? Doesn’t usually make sense nonlinearity of plot or sequence of things
unexpected plots, puzzle
irony and satire (verbal irony, situational irony, dramatic irony ) - mismatch
voices and the idea of stream of consciousness
allusions

Слайд 10

Modernist literature

the literary expression of the tendencies of Modernism, especially High

Modernist literature the literary expression of the tendencies of Modernism, especially High
Modernism, Modernistic art and literature normally revolved around the idea of individualism, mistrust of institutions (government, religion), and the disbelief of any absolute truths.

Слайд 11

“As far as literature is concerned modernism reveals a breaking away from

“As far as literature is concerned modernism reveals a breaking away from
established rules, traditions and conventions, fresh ways of looking at man’s position and function in the universe and many experiments in form and style. It is particularly concerned with language and how to use it (representationally or otherwise) and with writing itself”
(Dictionary of Literary Terms & Literary Theory).

Слайд 12

Characteristics of Modernism in Literature

doesn’t usually make sense
different perspectives
nonlinearity of plot

Characteristics of Modernism in Literature doesn’t usually make sense different perspectives nonlinearity
or sequence of things – unexpected plots, puzzle
irony and satire (verbal irony, situational irony, dramatic irony ) - mismatch
voices and the idea of stream of consciousness
allusions

Слайд 13

Perspectives

Literature Exhibits Perspectivism
Meaning comes from the individual’s perspective and is thus personalized;
A

Perspectives Literature Exhibits Perspectivism Meaning comes from the individual’s perspective and is
single story might be told from the perspective of several different people, with the assumption that the “truth” is somewhere in the middle

Слайд 14

Characteristics of Modernism in Literature

Inner psychological reality or “interiority” is represented: Stream

Characteristics of Modernism in Literature Inner psychological reality or “interiority” is represented:
of consciousness—portraying the character’s inner monologue
Organized non-sequentially: Experience portrayed as allusive, discontinuous, using fragmentation and juxtaposition.
Ambiguous endings—open endings which are seen as more representative of reality.

Слайд 15

Main representatives

James Joyce
T.S. Eliot
Virginia Woolf
D.H. Lawrence
Samuel Beckett
Ezra Pound

Main representatives James Joyce T.S. Eliot Virginia Woolf D.H. Lawrence Samuel Beckett

Gertrude Stein
Katherine Mansfield

Слайд 16

Ezra Pound

Comes to London in 1908
hangs out with Yeats and T.S.

Ezra Pound Comes to London in 1908 hangs out with Yeats and
Eliot
created artistic movements
Short poems
The Cantos, which is unfinished 800 page epic poem
a Fascist in Italy

Слайд 17

Voiticism

Voiticism

Слайд 18

Imagism
direct treatment of the “thing” as "thing" (an attempt at isolating

Imagism direct treatment of the “thing” as "thing" (an attempt at isolating
a single image to reveal its essence)
short
use absolutely no word that does not contribute to the presentation.
As regarding rhythm: to compose in sequence of the musical phrase, not in sequence of the metronome.

Слайд 19

In the Station of the Metro
The apparition of these faces in

In the Station of the Metro The apparition of these faces in
the crowd;
Petals on a wet, black bough.
Ezra Pound

Слайд 21

Gertrude Stein

American living in Paris
difficult-to-understand poems, mostly characterized by wordplay as

Gertrude Stein American living in Paris difficult-to-understand poems, mostly characterized by wordplay
greater than meaning. She's more interested in how words sound
A classic Steinian phrase is 'A rose is a rose is a rose.' "There is no there there“
The Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas
Tender Buttons 1914

Слайд 22

Tender Buttons

A RED STAMP.  If lilies are lily white if they exhaust noise

Tender Buttons A RED STAMP. If lilies are lily white if they
and distance and even dust, if they dusty will dirt a surface that has no extreme grace, if they do this and it is not necessary it is not at all necessary if they do this they need a catalogue. 

Слайд 23

Tender Buttons

MILK.  Climb up in sight climb in the whole utter needles and

Tender Buttons MILK. Climb up in sight climb in the whole utter
a guess a whole guess is hanging. Hanging hanging.  EGGS.  Kind height, kind in the right stomach with a little sudden mill.  Cunning shawl, cunning shawl to be steady. 

Слайд 24

Katherine Mansfield

from New Zealand
a pretty bohemian lifestyle
Anton Chekov
In a

Katherine Mansfield from New Zealand a pretty bohemian lifestyle Anton Chekov In
German Pension (1911)
The Garden Party & Other Stories (1922)
Bliss and Other Stories (1923)
died at the age of 34

Слайд 27

Virginia Woolf

She was born in 1882
father - a historian/writer, involved

Virginia Woolf She was born in 1882 father - a historian/writer, involved
in the art world; mother - a model for paintings
mental illness
self-educated
married Leonard Woolf in 1912, they started their own printing press - the Hogarth Press - publishing arm of the Bloomsbury Group .

Слайд 28

Major Works

The Voyage Out 1915
Night and Day  1919
Jacob's Room 1922 - success

Major Works The Voyage Out 1915 Night and Day 1919 Jacob's Room
☺!
(more experimental. It's an indirect character study of Jacob)
Mrs. Dalloway 1925 - breakthrough novel!!!!
To the Lighthouse 1927 - even more experimental
Orlando 1928
A Room of One's Own 1929
The Waves 1931 - extremely experimental
The Years 1937
Between the Acts 1941

Слайд 29

Yellow and black, pink and snow white, shapes of all these colors,

Yellow and black, pink and snow white, shapes of all these colors,
men, women, and children were spotted for a second upon the horizon, and then, seeing the breadth of yellow that lay upon the grass, they wavered and sought shade beneath the trees, dissolving like drops of water in the yellow and green atmosphere, staining it faintly with red and blue

Слайд 31

Mrs. Dalloway, 1925

a novel that takes place in a single day

Mrs. Dalloway, 1925 a novel that takes place in a single day
in June
Characters: Clarissa Dalloway, her husband Richard, her daughter Elizabeth; Septimus Smith - a shell-shocked World War I veteran, Peter Walsh, who's an old friend of Clarissa's
book is about their memories and their thoughts, a lot of the internal narrative of these characters
death of SS seems to CD as a way of saying something or preserving some sort of independence, something that she and her friends haven't been able to do as they've gone through life

Слайд 32

Style - free indirect discourse

free indirect discourse (reads a little like

Style - free indirect discourse free indirect discourse (reads a little like
stream of consciousness) - a third person representation of a person's thoughts, but without the 'he said,' 'he thought', 'he considered' tags.
'He wondered why he hadn't thought to try Pepsi before. How effervescent the bubbles, how lovely the taste!' (instead of: 'He thought, How effervescent the bubbles.‘)
'Mrs. Dalloway said she would buy the flowers herself. For Lucy had her work cut out for her. The doors would be taken off their hinges; Rumpelmayer's men were coming. And then, thought Clarissa Dalloway, what a morning - fresh as if issued to children on a beach. What a lark! What a plunge!'

Слайд 33

Style

interweaving plot
the style of the novel: indirect to direct, thoughts and description,

Style interweaving plot the style of the novel: indirect to direct, thoughts
all going on at once without really letting readers know the difference between the two - stylistic effect where we're always in the characters' thoughts and we're always out of the characters' thoughts.
a meditation on perspective and thoughts - the characters are constantly thinking about what could have been in their pasts
how people observe the same thing differently

Слайд 34

Summary

How is Virginia and Leonard Woolf's publishing house called?
Virginia Woolf was a

Summary How is Virginia and Leonard Woolf's publishing house called? Virginia Woolf
member of a bohemian group of artists, writers, and thinkers called…
Though many of Virginia Woolf's works deal with women's issues, which is an essay specifically targeting inequality in access to education?

Слайд 35

In Virginia Woolf's novel, Orlando, the title character is an Elizabethan man

In Virginia Woolf's novel, Orlando, the title character is an Elizabethan man
who is transformed into…
Who is Peter Walsh?
Mrs. Dalloway takes place in a single: Hour? Day? Month? Year?

Слайд 36

Which of the following is an example of free indirect discourse?

 'What a

Which of the following is an example of free indirect discourse? 'What
lark! What a plunge!'
 'Such fools we are, she thought, crossing Victoria Street.'
 'Mrs. Dalloway said she would buy the flowers herself.'
 'She stiffened a little on the kerb, waiting for Durtnall's van to pass.'
 'The doors would be taken off their hinges; Rumpelmayer's men were coming.'

Слайд 38

D.H. Lawrence

was born in 1885 in English coal-mining country. His father

D.H. Lawrence was born in 1885 in English coal-mining country. His father
was a coal-miner.
showed from pretty early on that he was a good writer
ended up becoming a teacher in London
got discovered by writer Ford Madox Ford. He starts publishing novels in the early 1910s.
Frieda Weekley

Слайд 40

Sons and Lovers - first major book, published in 1913

semi-autobiographical
set

Sons and Lovers - first major book, published in 1913 semi-autobiographical set
in coal-mining country
in coal-mining country a lot of oedipal issues (an unconscious sexual feeling of a son to his mother)
his primary concerns in literature - relationships

Слайд 41

Other novels

The Rainbow  (1915) is D.H. Lawrence's first brush with obscenity (a

Other novels The Rainbow (1915) is D.H. Lawrence's first brush with obscenity
word or action that is sexually offensive).
Women in Love, which is its sequel, comes out in 1920.
Lady Chatterly's Lover (1928) - published in a heavily abridged form until 1960 (Obscene Publications Act passed in 1959 )

Слайд 42

Summary

Which D.H. Lawrence novel does Modern Library rank as #9 in its

Summary Which D.H. Lawrence novel does Modern Library rank as #9 in
list of the 100 Best Books of the 20th Century?
Which D.H. Lawrence novel was the subject of a famous obscenity trial in 1960?

Слайд 45

T.S. Eliot

American, born in St. Louis, went to Harvard, spent some time

T.S. Eliot American, born in St. Louis, went to Harvard, spent some
in Boston
become a British citizen later on in life and he lived in London from 1914 onward

Слайд 47

Major Works

The Love Song Of J. Alfred Prufrock, 1915 - a meditative

Major Works The Love Song Of J. Alfred Prufrock, 1915 - a
monologue presumably of J. Alfred Prufrock
1919 - critical essays 'Tradition in the Individual Talent' - a controversial claim that poetry needs to be impersonal. You need to be able to interpret it without knowing anything about the author and his circumstances.
'The Waste Land.' 1922 - the most famous work of Modernism
'The Hollow Men,' a follow-up to 'The Waste Land.' 1925

Слайд 48

in 1927 he converts to Anglicanism - his poetry and his plays

in 1927 he converts to Anglicanism - his poetry and his plays
after that start to be more religiously focused
a poem 'Ash Wednesday,' 1930
a play 'Murder in the Cathedral,' 1935
final masterpiece 'Four Quartets,' published from 1936 through 1942 - four poems 'Burnt Norton,' 'East Coker,' 'The Dry Salvages' and 'Little Gidding.'

Слайд 49

culmination of his career - the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1948

culmination of his career - the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1948

In 1957, he's 68 and he gets married to his 32-year-old secretary, whose name is Esme Valerie Fletcher
He dies in 1965
'Old Possum's Book of Practical Cats' got turned into the Andrew Lloyd Weber musical 'Cats.'

Слайд 50

The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock, 1915

first big break poem

The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock, 1915 first big break poem

American poem (Boston?)
theme of being old
Plot - What happens in this poem is we follow around the speaker or narrator as he wanders around town. He also wanders through his memories.
It's really a non-linear plot; just his thoughts as he goes.

Слайд 51

Let us go then, you and I,
When the evening is spread out

Let us go then, you and I, When the evening is spread
against the sky
Like a patient etherized upon a table;
Let us go, through certain half-deserted streets,
The muttering retreats
Of restless nights in one-night cheap hotels
And sawdust restaurants with oyster-shells

Слайд 52

Style

this poem is written in free verse, since it doesn't have any set

Style this poem is written in free verse, since it doesn't have
length or set rhyme scheme. At the same time, it has half-rhymes and internal rhymes even though there's no real structure
And time yet for a hundred indecisions,
And for a hundred visions and revisions,
Before the taking of a toast and tea

Слайд 53

a non-linear plot
repetitive phrases:
 …in the room the women come and go,

a non-linear plot repetitive phrases: …in the room the women come and

talking of Michelangelo.
…I have known them all already, known them all. 
…that's not what I meant at all
Reference to Prince Hamlet (an allusion): 
No! I am not Prince Hamlet,
nor was meant to be. 

Слайд 54

mood and tone of regret

I grow old…I grow old…
I shall wear the

mood and tone of regret I grow old…I grow old… I shall
bottoms of my trousers rolled.
Shall I part my hair behind? Do I dare to eat a peach?
I shall wear white flannel trousers, and walk upon the beach
I have heard the mermaids singing, each to each
I do not think that they will sing to me

Слайд 55

'I've measured out my life in coffee spoons.'
it's about looking back

'I've measured out my life in coffee spoons.' it's about looking back
and assessing
describe unremarkable life

Слайд 57

James Joyce

had long-lasting impact in literature
particularly famous for starting the technique

James Joyce had long-lasting impact in literature particularly famous for starting the
known as stream of consciousness

Слайд 58

 Ulysses:
a quarter after what an unearthly hour I suppose theyre just getting

Ulysses: a quarter after what an unearthly hour I suppose theyre just
up in China now combing out their pigtails for the day well soon have the nuns ringing the angelus theyve nobody coming in to spoil their sleep except an odd priest or two for his night office or the alarmlock next door at cockshout clattering the brain out of itself let me see if I can doze off 1 2 3 4 5 what kind of flowers are those they invented like the stars the wallpaper in Lombard street was much nicer the apron he gave me was like that something only I only wore it twice better lower this lamp and try again so that I can get up early

Слайд 59

James Joyce

Irish author
the oldest of 10 surviving children
boarding school,
local school,

James Joyce Irish author the oldest of 10 surviving children boarding school,
college in Dublin,
heads off to Paris, medical school,
Mother is dying - comes home, stays in Dublin, starts to work on Portrait
in 1904, on June he meets his future wife Nora Barnacle

Слайд 60

James Joyce

a short-story collection  Dubliners (1914)
Portrait of the Artist as a Young

James Joyce a short-story collection Dubliners (1914) Portrait of the Artist as
Man 1916
starts working on Ulysses, which starts getting published serially - in installments (1918)
Ulysses gets published in its final book form in 1922
Finnegans Wake 1939

Слайд 61

Finnegans Wake

experimental & unreadable !!!
lots of words from foreign languages
the

Finnegans Wake experimental & unreadable !!! lots of words from foreign languages
beginning of the book and the end of the book are the same sentence, but in a circle. The beginning of the book is:
'riverrun, past Eve and Adam's, from swerve of shore to bend of bay, brings us by a commodious vicus of recirculation back to Howth Castle and Environs.'
And the end of the book: 'End here. Us then. Finn, again! Take. Bussoftlhee, mememormee! Till thousandsthee. Lps. The keys to. Given! A way a lone a last a long the riverrun, past Eve and Adam's, from swerve of shore to bend of bay, brings us by a commodious vicus of recirculation back to Howth Castle and Environs.'

Слайд 62

Dubliners - 1914

a short-story collection (15 stories) about people living in Dublin:

Dubliners - 1914 a short-story collection (15 stories) about people living in

3 – about childhood,
4 – adolescence,
4 – mature life,
3 – public life,
The Dead – summary
JJ intended these short stories to be “a chapter in the moral history of Ireland”
JJ recreated the short story, moving its action & focus from external to internal events
the most famous stories - 'Araby' and 'The Dead.'

Слайд 63

epiphany

(comes from the Christian church year commemorating the visit of the

epiphany (comes from the Christian church year commemorating the visit of the
Wise Man – January 6);
an experience of sudden and striking realization
indicates a sudden revelation or discovery, usually unexpected, that allows the protagonist or reader to see smth in a new way

Слайд 67

Bildungsroman

novel of formation, novel of education, or coming-of-age story,
a literary genre that focuses

Bildungsroman novel of formation, novel of education, or coming-of-age story, a literary
on the psychological and moral growth of the protagonist from youth to adulthood and in which, therefore, character change is extremely important
Wilhelm Meister's Apprenticeship by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

Слайд 68

Stephen Dedalus - an alter-ego of young Joyce
abandons the idea that

Stephen Dedalus - an alter-ego of young Joyce abandons the idea that
he needs to be strictly realistic. He starts to get a little more interested in representing Stephen's consciousness

Слайд 69

Part I

Childhood
this very young child stage is represented in language
Once upon a

Part I Childhood this very young child stage is represented in language
time and a very good time it was there was a moocow coming down along the road and this moocow that was coming down along the road met a nicens little boy named baby tuckoo.

Слайд 70

Part II
Sexual Awakening - his first sexual experience with a prostitute
Part III
Religious

Part II Sexual Awakening - his first sexual experience with a prostitute
Torment - Stephen going in for a confession
Part IV
Discipline – not indulging in pleasures - to be a priest? - thinks about his name and his father - his destiny as an artist
Part V
University - the diary - a dedication to his father
 Old father, old artificer, stand me forever in good stead

Слайд 71

Ulysses

June 16th
Stephen Dedalus - in Dublin, working as a schoolteacher
Chapter 4

Ulysses June 16th Stephen Dedalus - in Dublin, working as a schoolteacher
- Leopold Bloom 'Mr. Leopold Bloom ate with relish the inner organs of beasts and fowls.'
Имя файла: Modernism-in-litirature-.pptx
Количество просмотров: 173
Количество скачиваний: 0